Skip to main content

Comprehensive Guide to Terpenes, AKA ‘Terps’

Do you have a favorite cannabis strain because of its delightful lemony aroma, or perhaps you’re drawn to the uplifting effects it offers? No matter your preference, delving into the world of associated terpenes can expand your horizons when it comes to cannabis experiences. Whether you’re exploring dispensaries in Ontario or beyond, here’s a detailed guide to help you navigate the fascinating realm of terpenes.

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in various plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the distinctive scents and flavors associated with different strains. However, terpenes do more than just tantalize your senses; they also contribute to the unique effects and therapeutic properties of each strain.

The Importance of Terpenes

Understanding terpenes is like having the keys to unlock a world of diverse cannabis experiences. Whether you seek relaxation, focus, or creativity, terpenes play a significant role in determining how a strain affects you. By recognizing the terpene profiles of different strains, you can tailor your cannabis choices to suit your specific needs and desires.

More About Terpenes


Description: Bisabolol has a sweet, floral aroma with subtle hints of chamomile.

Familiar Smell: Imagine the gentle fragrance of freshly brewed chamomile tea.


Description: Borneol carries a distinctive menthol-like scent with woody undertones.

Familiar Smell: It’s akin to the cool, invigorating aroma of mentholated chest rubs.


Description: Camphene has a pungent, earthy odor with a touch of herbal freshness.

Familiar Smell: Think of the sharp, resinous scent found in pine forests.


Description: Caryophyllene exudes a spicy, peppery aroma with hints of cloves.

Familiar Smell: It’s reminiscent of the warm, inviting scent of black pepper.


Description: Eucalyptol boasts a fresh, crisp scent, much like menthol but with a hint of earthiness.

Familiar Smell: Picture the clean, invigorating fragrance of eucalyptus leaves.


Description: Geraniol carries a sweet, rosy scent reminiscent of fresh flowers.

Familiar Smell: It’s akin to the delightful fragrance of blooming rose petals.


Description: Guaiol has a woody, piney aroma with subtle herbal notes.

Familiar Smell: Imagine the earthy scent of an evergreen forest.


Description: Humulene offers an earthy, woodsy aroma with hints of spice.

Familiar Smell: It’s similar to the inviting scent of hops used in brewing beer.


Description: Limonene carries a citrusy, zesty aroma reminiscent of lemons and oranges.

Familiar Smell: Think of the vibrant, uplifting scent of freshly peeled citrus fruits.


Description: Linalool offers a delicate, floral fragrance with subtle hints of lavender.

Familiar Smell: It’s akin to the calming, soothing scent of blooming lavender fields.


Description: Myrcene has a musky, herbal aroma with earthy undertones.

Familiar Smell: Imagine the deep, slightly spicy scent found in ripe mangoes.


Description: Nerolidol carries a woody, citrusy scent with delicate floral notes.

Familiar Smell: It’s reminiscent of the pleasant, fragrant woods with a touch of citrus.


Description: Ocimene offers a sweet, herbal aroma with hints of tropical fruit.

Familiar Smell: Think of the refreshing, fruity scent of mangoes and basil.


Description: Pinene has a sharp, piney aroma reminiscent of evergreen trees.

Familiar Smell: It’s similar to the invigorating scent of a pine forest after rainfall.


Description: Pulegone carries a minty, herbal aroma with cool undertones.

Familiar Smell: Imagine the refreshing, cooling scent of peppermint.


Description: Terpinolene exudes a fresh, herbal scent with subtle floral and citrusy notes.

Familiar Smell: It’s akin to the clean, invigorating aroma of juniper berries.

The Entourage Effect

Terpenes don’t work in isolation. They interact with cannabinoids like THC and CBD, creating what’s known as the “entourage effect.” This synergy between terpenes and cannabinoids enhances the overall therapeutic potential of the cannabis plant.

Exploring Terpene Profiles

When you visit dispensaries, inquire about a strain’s terpene profile. This information can guide you in selecting the right strain to match your desired experience, whether it’s relaxation, focus, creativity, or pain relief.

Experiment and Discover

Ultimately, the best way to appreciate terpenes is through personal experimentation. Try different strains and take note of their aromas and effects. Over time, you’ll develop a keen sense for the terpenes that resonate with you.

Ontario Cannabis Regulations

Ontario has a tightly regulated private retail model for cannabis. Medical cannabis is regulated by the Government of Canada and will continue to be subject to different rules than recreational cannabis¹. The minimum age for buying, using, possessing, and growing recreational cannabis in Ontario is 19 years. You are allowed to have a maximum of 30 grams (about one ounce) of dried cannabis (or equivalent) in public at any time. 

Here are some key regulations regarding the use of cannabis in Ontario:

  • You cannot smoke or vape cannabis in indoor common areas in condos, apartment buildings, and university/college residences.
  • Smoking or vaping cannabis is prohibited at school, on school grounds, and all public areas within 20 meters of these grounds.
  • You cannot smoke or vape cannabis within 9 meters from the entrance or exit of hospitals (public and private), psychiatric facilities, long-term care homes, and independent health facilities.
  • Smoking or vaping cannabis is not allowed in publicly-owned sport fields (not including golf courses), nearby spectator areas, and public areas within 20 meters of these areas.
  • You cannot consume cannabis (smoking, vaping, and eating) in a vehicle or boat that is being driven or will be driven.

Please note that this information is subject to change. For more details about Ontario’s cannabis laws, you can visit the official website of the Government of Ontario.


Cannabis laws |

Cannabis Regulations – Site Web de la législation (Justice)

Ontario Cannabis Laws | PotGuide

SOR/2018-144 | Cannabis Regulations | CanLII